How to Install Linux on Chromebook (Ultimate Guide)

Install Linux on Chromebook
Install Linux on Chromebook

Are you want to install Linux on Chromebook? Well first let’s talking about Chromebooks that OS is easy to use anyone can easily use this Operating System. However, Chrome Operating System isn’t as powerful and functional as compared work like Linux OS. So If you could install any other OS, such as Ubuntu on your Chromebook so here is the best Ultimate Guide for Install Linux on Chromebook. So Let’s Explore it.

Impotent steps

  • Backup all the user’s files into google drive/anywhere.
  • Create a Chrome OS recovery Image and learn how to recover the chrome os.
  • After creating a Chrome OS restore an image, now learn how to write it on SD card or flash drive for later use.
  • Learn how to get into the developer mode for your specific Chromebook model using google search.Note

Note: Don’t skip any of those noted steps.

Install Ubuntu on Chromebook

So as to install Ubuntu on a Chromebook, you will initially need to download Crouton. Bread garnish – an abbreviation for “Chromium OS Universal Chroot Environment” – is a heap of contents that permit the simple installation of Linux systems, for example, Ubuntu, and Debian. We will utilize Crouton to install Ubuntu on our Chromebook. Simply just follow the steps below:

1. First, Open Chromebook than enable Developer Mode from Chrome OS. It will wipe all the data.

Chromebook-into-recovery-mode Install Linux on Chromebook

For enable developer mode, you have to open your Chromebook into recovery mode by pressing and holding the Esc, Refresh keys, and the Power button altogether.

When the recovery mode opens then press Ctrl+D to turn on Developer Mode.

press-CtrlD-to-turn-on-Developer-Mode Install Linux on Chromebook
  • Now press Enter on the keyboard and wait a minimum 15 minutes and maybe more. It will reboot and go through a process of enabling developer mode.
  • During the enabling process, it will wipe out all the local information like media files.
  • After the completion of the process, it will come up with a red exclamation screen. Make sure don’t do anything until it reboots into Chrome OS.
Chromebook-Varification-Option-for-On-and-Off Install Linux on Chromebook

2. After doing the above step, then download or official Github Page Crouton in your Chromebook. Saved It in the “Downloads” directory.

3. On your Chromebook, now press “Ctrl + Alt + T” for launch the Crosh Terminal. after it type Here, “shell“, and hit Enter

crosh-shell - Install Linux on Chromebook

4. After type this comment, You’ll get access to a command line. This line makes you able to install Ubuntu on your Chromebook. In the Terminal, type “sudo sh ~/Downloads/crouton -e -t lxde“.

sudo sh -e ~/Downloads/crouton-e -t lxde 
install-lxde-with-crouton - Install Linux on Chromebook

5. Once it will done, you’ll have to wait for some time, while Crouton downloads Ubuntu, and installs it on your Chromebook. This step usually takes quite some time, so be patient.😊

installing-Ubuntu-Install Linux on Chromebook

6. When the installation process is done, just simply type “sudo startlxde” to start the Linux desktop. You’ll be asked for the encryption passphrase you created while installing Ubuntu OS, and you’re now ready to go.

sudo startxfce4
startlxde - Install Linux on Chromebook

Back to Chrome OS from Linux

Now if you dislike Linux and you want to switch back to Chrome OS from Linux, you can do it easily yes! so you just simply log out of Ubuntu in the normal way, and you’ll be taken back to Chrome OS. You can restart Linux, by opening a terminal (Ctrl + Alt + T) on keyboard, and typing “sudo startlxde

 sudo startlxde 

You’re able to switch between Linux, and Chrome OS easily, by using Ctrl + Alt + Shift + Forward, and Ctrl + Alt + Shift + Back (on ARM Chromebooks), and Ctrl + Alt + Forward, and Ctrl + Alt + Back, followed by Ctrl + Alt + Refresh (on Intel-based Chromebooks).

The Experience of Linux

Ubuntu works very well on a Chromebook. However, since the XFCE, and Unity Desktop Environments aren’t working, so far, you’ve screwed over thanks to utilizing LXDE – a Desktop Environment relatively few individuals like. The main issue I saw with LXDE, is the way that in the event that you claim a touch-enabled Chromebook, similar to the Asus Chromebook Flip, the touch doesn’t work in all respects typically in LXDE, and the UI is a smidgen excessively little. However, in any event, the last can be fixed by changing the screen goals for Linux.

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Generally, however, the experience is extremely smooth, and everything fills in as one would anticipate. Thus, in case you’re thinking about whether it merits the exertion, it sort of is.


You can utilize this technique to effectively install Linux/Ubuntu on a Chromebook and open its actual power. When you’re running Linux on a Chromebook, you can install Linux applications similarly as you would install them on a typical Linux PC, by utilizing adept get. However, in case you’re utilizing an ARM Chromebook, some applications probably won’t work legitimately for you. Odds of applications working are greatly improved on a Chromebook with an Intel processor.

Okay, So now you know everything about installing Linux on Chromebook and you know what is the experience with using Linux on a Chromebook. Also, if you know of another (preferably easier) method for install Linux on Chromebooks, also if you’ve any question or suggestion do let Gyan Bar know in the comments section below.

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